• อังกฤษ

  • Buffaloes;Bubalus bubalis;Buffalo production;Integrated farming systems;Meat;Milk;Methane production;Methane emission;Nutritional manipulation;Rumen fermentation;Global warming;Thailand

  • Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis), the long-time ruminant animal contributing to the integrated farming systems, as a source of draft power, transportation, on-farm manure, meat, milk and livelihood of the farmers. The increase in meat consumption is quite dramatic, due to the linearly increase in the world population especially in the developing countries. As buffaloes have been raised by the rural farmers, well-adapted to harsh environment and are capable of utilizing low quality roughages especially the agricultural crop-residues and by-products, hence their potential are therefore remarkable in terms of meat and milk production using locally available feed resources. Furthermore, the quality of buffalo meat has been found high in iron and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), which are essential for good health. Global warming has been attributed by various sources including animal agriculture. Rumen fermentation can be manipulated by many ways in order to increase fermentation efficiency and to mitigate methane production. Although the world buffalo population has been slightly increasing, their vital role are accountable for the demand of meat and milk. Manipulation of the rumen in reducing methane using chemicals, feed additives, roughage and concentrate utilization, use of plants containing secondary compound, oils have been reported. However, among many approaches, nutritional manipulation by using feeding management and especially the use of plant extracts or plant containing secondary compounds (condensed tannins and saponins) have been receiving more attention and most promising. At the current stage, more research concerning this hot issue with the role of livestock on global warming warrants further research undertakings. It is therefore highly recommended for those engage in buffalo production to do more research and to expand the world buffalo production in order to meet the increasing demand of meat and milk. In addition, infrastructure and human resources development require indicate and continuous implementation as well as higher input contribution.

  • [1] Metha Wanapat (Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen (Thailand). Faculty of Agriculture. Department of Animal Science. Tropical Feed Resources Research and Development Center (TROFREC))
    [2] Kang Sungchhang (Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen (Thailand). Faculty of Agriculture. Department of Animal Science. Tropical Feed Resources Research and Development Center (TROFREC))

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Metha Wanapat and Kang Sungchhang. (2013). World buffalo production: challenges in meat and milk production, and mitigation of methane emission.  Buffalo Bulletin (Thailand), 32 (Special Issue 1) ,1-21


Metha Wanapat and Kang Sungchhang. "World buffalo production: challenges in meat and milk production, and mitigation of methane emission" Buffalo Bulletin (Thailand), 32, 2013, 1-21.

Metha Wanapat and Kang Sungchhang. (2013). World buffalo production: challenges in meat and milk production, and mitigation of methane emission.  Buffalo Bulletin (Thailand), 32 (Special Issue 1) ,1-21