• อังกฤษ

  • Buffaloes;Bubalus bubalis;Prenatal development;Cartilaginous viscerocranium;Skull;India

  • The cartilaginous viscerocranium of buffalo skull includes the Meckel's cartilage and its derivatives malleus and incus, mandibular condyle, Reichert's cartilage and its derivatives including stapes, styloid process of temporal, tympanohyoid and hyoid. The formation of Meckel's cartilage was recognized fi rst at 41 days. The ossifi cation of the cartilaginous viscerocranium appeared first in the stylohyoid at 62 days. The bone wise sequence of appearance of ossification in the cartilaginous viscerocranium was the stylohyoid, the malleus, the body and the other cornua of the hyoid, the incus and the stapes.

  • [1] Santhi Lakshmi, M. (College of Veterinary Science, Tirupati (India). Department of Veterinary Anatomy)
    [2] Chandrasekhara Rao, T.S. (College of Veterinary Science, Tirupati (India). Department of Veterinary Anatomy)
    [3] Rajalakshmi, K. (College of Veterinary Science, Tirupati (India). Department of Veterinary Anatomy)

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Santhi Lakshmi, M.. (2014). Prenatal development of cartilaginous viscerocranium of skull in the buffalo (Bubalus bubalis).  Buffalo Bulletin (Thailand), 33 (1) ,54-59


Santhi Lakshmi, M.. "Prenatal development of cartilaginous viscerocranium of skull in the buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)" Buffalo Bulletin (Thailand), 33, 2014, 54-59.

Santhi Lakshmi, M.. (2014). Prenatal development of cartilaginous viscerocranium of skull in the buffalo (Bubalus bubalis).  Buffalo Bulletin (Thailand), 33 (1) ,54-59